Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Standardized Testing Provides an Inexpensive and Reliable Indicator of Student Learning and Achievement The question of assessment in the "school system, individual schools, and teachers has evoked strong and sometimes violent emotions from the educational community, the general public and their legislative representatives"(Brown & Knight, 1994). Assessment based on standardized tests has been looked at very closely over the recent years, and some people have even mentioned that they be eliminated completely. Those who feel traditional methods should be replaced by alternative methods. These people feel that demonstration, exhibition, investigation, oral response, portfolio, and written response's are all examples of alternative assessments and should be incorporated in the classroom. They also feel that peer assessment should be incorporated because students learn a great deal from each other, and with large student numbers, "the importance of student feedback increases as the availability of tutor feedback decreases"(Brown & Knight, 1994). G.I Maeroff wrote the first article I read he feels that assessment of student's achievement is changing, largely because today's students face a world that will demand new knowledge and abilities. "In the global economy of the 21st century, students will not only need to understand the basics, but also to think critically, to analyze, and to make inferences" (Maeroff, 1991). The author clearly identifies that we often believe that what get assessed is what get taught and that the format of assessment influences the format of instruction. Contrary to our understanding of how students learn, "many assessments test facts and skills in isolation, seldom requiring students to apply what they already know and can do it in real life situations"(Maeroff, 1991). He feels the problem with standardized tests is that they do not match the emerging content standards, and over reliance on this type of assessment often leads to instruction that "stresses the basic knowledg e and skills" (Maeroff, 1991). The article reassures that rather than changes in instruction toward the engaged learning that will prepare students for the future, these test will encourage instruction of less important skills and passive learning. "Although the basic skills may be important goals of ... ...nt is expensive and difficult to develop, administer and score, which makes their usefulness for large-scale assessment questionable. If these alternative models achieve comparable reliability and validity, wouldn't they in effect have become standardized as well? The issue is not whether or not one form of assessment is better than another; no assessment model is suited for every purpose. The real issue is choosing appropriately among the variables that apply the most suitable model for the students. It is necessary to determine what information is sufficient to each purpose before you decide what format that you are going to teach. The best way to do our students justice is to use as wide as possible a mixture of all the assessment methods; this will allow all the students to show their strengths and weaknesses. Bibliography Brown, S and Knight, P (1994). Assessing Learners in Higher Education. Kogan Page, London. Linn, R.L., Baker, & S. B. Dunbar. (1991). Complex, Performance-Based Assessment: Expectations and Validation Criteria. Educational Researcher, 20 (8), pp. 15-21. Maeroff, G.I. (1991). Assessing Alternative Assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 73 (4), pp. 273-281).
Monday, January 13, 2020
When RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher Mrs. Pitt announced that his class was going on a field trip he felt a surge of happiness and there was an immediate buzz of excitement throughout the class of thirteen and fourteen year old children. However, the following words which escaped the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s mouth did not engender the same kind of enthusiasm. The class were disappointed that visiting the brand new Monster Valley theme park, was not on the agenda. A curly ginger boy, whose surprisingly tall figure appeared to be made solely of knees and elbows, stepped off the bus as his eye caught the sign that read Ã¢â¬ËNORTH HELLWITH SEWAGE WORKSÃ¢â¬â¢. Ralph sighed in chorus with his only friend Callum. CallumÃ¢â¬â¢s frame was stout and his pale face was painted with spots and freckles. The class was approached by a man who wore an unpleasant grin. Ã¢â¬Å"Good afternoon childrenÃ¢â¬ , his words penetrated like when a wooden chair is dragged across a gym floor. Ralph gave Callum a profound curious look and then turned his attention back to the leering man. Ã¢â¬Å"I am your guide for this tour of the sewage works, my name is Mr. RedÃ¢â¬ . On a closer inspection, it came to RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s attention that the man had a tail which spouted from the back of his trousers. Ã¢â¬ËNobodies perfectÃ¢â¬â¢ thought Ralph. It seemed that Ralph was not the only pupil losing interest on the subject of how many light bulbs were in the various rooms of the works. Callum was trying to reach his attention. Ã¢â¬Å"Ralph, IÃ¢â¬â¢m boredÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Me tooÃ¢â¬ came the reply. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m offÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No youÃ¢â¬â¢re notÃ¢â¬ , as Ralph said this he recalled memories of Callum achieving other inappropriate feats and began to wonder if this statement would stand. Ã¢â¬Å"Perhaps you are, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m notÃ¢â¬ . Callum glanced around him and when his teacher had turned her back he strolled away purposefully. Ralph moaned and darted after him like a lion that had its favourite luncheon snatched from under its nose. Ralph followed Callum into a pitch black room. Ã¢â¬Å"Callum, get here now!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Are you scared?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Of course notÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Come on thenÃ¢â¬ there was a patter of feet and then Ralph heard a sudden, Ã¢â¬Å"AAAARRRRGGHHHHÃ¢â¬ . Ralph fell on the floor in terror and confusion. He began searching on hands and knees for his glasses which had fallen off his head. As he crawled he felt his hand squelch into something soft Ã¢â¬â without pausing to consider what this mess could have been he scampered on with an unpleasant smell surrounding him amidst the dark. Ã¢â¬Å"Callum?Ã¢â¬ he waited for three or four seconds to pass and then Ã¢â¬Å"Callum? Callum?Ã¢â¬ still there came no reply, RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s stomach slipped past his trembling knees. In a dazed panic he darted upright and sprinted for the exit to find the rest of his class. What Ralph didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know, is that he was running the opposite way from which he enteredÃ¢â¬ ¦. Ralph fell with a thud and glanced back at the stairs he had fallen down. It was still very hard to see but there was an eerie red glow leaking from the walls. He began to whimper and it was not too long before his whimpers became tears. Ralph pulled himself together and dried his eyes with a chewed sleeve. He looked up at the stairs and remembered those dark rooms, so he took the alternative route and continued along the boardwalk he found himself on; he convinced himself that he would find someone Ã¢â¬â anyone to help him. But he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t. Finding the boardwalk spiralling downwards, Ralph broke into a sweat and started to run. A dim red glow lost itself in a mysterious humid fog. The walls began to deconstruct and develop to a cave wall. The red glow started to get brighter and brighter still as he tunnelled further beneath the ground. After what seemed like a lifetime, Ralph gratefully found himself at the opening to a huge chamber and he could hear faint voices in the distant. The first thing he noticed about the room was the disgusting smell of raw sewage. He ran to find the owners of the voices but as he got closer he realised the talking was exceptionally deep and croaky. He launched himself round several corners to the increasingly loud sounds until, Ã¢â¬Å"OOOFFFFFÃ¢â¬ he was stopped dead in his tracks and fell to the cold hard floor. When he opened his eyes he screamed, Ã¢â¬Å"AAAARRRGHÃ¢â¬ he was staring into the eyes of a completely red demon which had two horns and a massive nose. Ralph was tall but it towered over him; it must have been three times his size and twenty times stronger. Ã¢â¬Å"LOOK WHAT WE GOT Ã¢â¬ËERE!Ã¢â¬ the beast snarled and beckoned to others just as threatening. Ã¢â¬Å"WHAT WE GONNAÃ¢â¬â¢ DO WITH Ã¢â¬ËIM? BEEN A WHILE SINCE WE HAD ONE OF THESEÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"EAT Ã¢â¬ËIMÃ¢â¬ said a second, Ralph squealed. Ã¢â¬Å"RIP HIS BONES APARTÃ¢â¬ a large drop of saliva let go of the demonÃ¢â¬â¢s face onto RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s leg. Ã¢â¬Å"NO, WE Ã¢â¬ËAVE TO GIVE Ã¢â¬ËIM TO THE KING, HEÃ¢â¬â¢D HAVE OUR TAILS IF HE EVER FOUND OUT WE ATE Ã¢â¬ËIM WITHOUT SHARINGÃ¢â¬ . Murmurs of understanding and self pity were heard amongst the gathering demons. Ralph felt himself hoisted up and they carried him off, he fought desperately with flying legs and arms. Ralph was launched into a cave walled cell with long iron bars at the front. A rusty door slammed shut behind him. He looked around the cell and to his terror; in the shadows he saw the shape of a demon. Ã¢â¬Å"RELAXÃ¢â¬ , it croaked, Ã¢â¬Å"THE NAMES GODFREY, GODFREY JONES Ã¢â¬â AND YOU ARE?Ã¢â¬ Ralph moved across the cell so a red beam of light fell on the demons face. It looked like he had been crying and for some reason, Ralph pitied him. Ã¢â¬Å"Ralph MarvingÃ¢â¬ came the reply. And so the conversation continued for some time, of course, time was not an important factor in the demon world. Ralph became to like and admire Godfrey. Godfrey had been locked up because he was one of the rebels who did not believe in feeding and building houses out of human waste. They were living amongst the hills in caves, hiding from the regular demon society. The deep talk with Godfrey was not to last too long, they were interrupted by the wailing of a child. Shouts and curses were heard everywhere as the boy was thrown in the cell. Ralph smiled. It was Callum. They rejoiced when they saw each other and then the introductions began. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re getting out of hereÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"These demons may be powerful, but theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not likely contenders for brain of Britain.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"OI!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No offence meantÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s watching usÃ¢â¬ , the huddle shifted further away from the guard standing at the door. Ã¢â¬Å"So?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Callum, youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to wind up Godfrey. Godfrey youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to hit Callum, only youÃ¢â¬â¢re not really hitting him. Okay?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I SUPPOSEÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The guard will hopefully open the door and try to stop the fight and I will hide and launch myself on his back and grab the keys from his belt.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sounds easy enoughÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Meanwhile, you two run past the guard and make for the exit I will let go of the demon and run. When I get past you, slam the door shut and I will lock it, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"RightÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"RIGHTÃ¢â¬ Callum and Godfrey began their argument. It was clear that neither of them were natural actors. Yet sure enough, the door opened and in walked the guard. The next part of the plan, however, did not go accordingly. Ralph made a leap for the keys but the demon was too tall. It turned its unwanted attention towards Ralph, who backed off. Godfrey threw himself courageously at the demon the two of them fell plundering to the ground with a loud thud. The stout figure of Callum darted in and grabbed the keys. Ã¢â¬Å"YOU MUST GO! I CANÃ¢â¬â¢T HOLD HIM DOWNÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"THE HUMAN WORLD IS NOT MY WORLD, GO! I BELONG IN THE HILL CAVESÃ¢â¬ , Ralph would argue no more, he was grabbed by Callum and they ran and ran for an exit. He turned to look back and saw demons flooding into the cell and his heart felt heavy. After minutes of running they were exhausted but the way was clear. Fortunately, it was easy to find their way to the corridor that led upwards. Callum and Ralph paced themselves up the spiralling corridor with the red ambience growing thinner. The shouts behind them diminished. They eventually reached the boardwalk and were too tired to continue running so they came to a halt. Ã¢â¬Å"What time is it?Ã¢â¬ Callum lifted his chewed sleeve and his battered watch read, Ã¢â¬Å"Two minutes past threeÃ¢â¬ they looked at each other in astonishment. The six hours which had passed seemed to have stretched to days. Ã¢â¬Å"If weÃ¢â¬â¢re quick we may just make the bus back to schoolÃ¢â¬ so the two of them, once again, heaved their bodies forward. When they arrived at the entrance to the sewage works, Callum heaved a sigh of relief. The air was cooler, fresher and moist, it strew itself on their faces gratefully. They spotted the class lining up next to the bus, it was apparent that a head count was being done. They tried to mingle into the group unnoticed but Mrs. Pitt was aware of their presence. Ã¢â¬Å"Callum, Ralph, where on Earth have you been?Ã¢â¬ she snapped. Ã¢â¬Å"Well -Ã¢â¬Å", Ralph begun, then he considered the reality of his adventure. Ã¢â¬Å"We Ã¢â¬â got lostÃ¢â¬ . The class boarded the bus and Ralph and Callum landed themselves on a tattered seat. Ralph breathed on the window and wiped it. Just for one moment, he thought he saw a distant red object, disappearing over the valley towards the hills which stood boldly above the landscape.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Controversies over drugs and the effects they have physically, mentally, and emotionally have been around for centuries. Some argue the fact that smoking marijuana has no health effects on the body. Some also say that other drugs have no long term mental consequences to suffer. Now, thanks to technology and hours of studies, answers have came to show the true long term health effects of drugs on the human body and mind. Marijuana is one of the most popular drugs in the world. It is known to many people as a way to get high and just relax. Its effects on the mind and psyche appeal to many musicians and writers because it can bring their creative thoughts to new levels of depth. It is also popular as a medicinal drug to controlÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Meth has much of the same effects as other stimulants like cocaine. It makes the person feel extremely energetic and alert. It also suppresses hunger, leading to extreme weight loss. The powerful chemicals in this drug do a number on a userÃ¢â¬â¢s mouth my eating away the teeth and giving the person Ã¢â¬Å"meth mouthÃ¢â¬ . Some other long term effects include anxiety, extreme weight loss, paranoia, psychiatric disturbances and violent behavior. It can also alter judgment leading to actions such as risky sex practices, leading to increased chances of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Other diseases can also be contracted by these users because of using contaminated needles, syringes, and other injection tools. (Volkow/Meth) Heroin is another highly addictive drug that effects the brain as a depressant and blocks the brains ability to recognize pain. Users say when using heroin, they feel an extreme rush, warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and heavy arms and legs. After repeated use of the drug for a period of time, heroin users may experience liver disease, collapsed veins, and infection of the heart valves. Un-pure heroin may have additives that do not dissolve which will lead to clogging of the blood vessels that lead to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain. As a result all of these drugs can prove to be fatal after extended periods of use. (Hyde 30) Illegal drugs are not the only ones that canShow MoreRelatedDrugs And Its Effects On Drugs1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs with most drugs, a tolerance can be obtained with chronic use and eventually addiction. The difference with LSD, however, is that if administration is ceased for a period of days, the downregulation of the 5-HT2A receptor is reversed and normal function is restored. This indicates that physiological effects of the drug are only temporary and abstinence from use will reverse whatever process have been done. Furthermore, studies have shown that the addictiveness of LSD is on such a low scale thatRead MoreTypes Of Drugs And Its Effects On Drugs1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChapter 1: Types of drugs Chapter 2: How To Avoid Chapter 3: Causes? Chapter 4: Effects? Chapter 5: Problem Chapter 6: Solution Chapter 7: Teen activists Chapter 8 : Glossary Chapter 1: Types of drugs What types of drugs are most common? How many drugs are there? How did the drugs get their names?Read MoreThe Effects Of Drugs945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ Ã Ã A new drug for improving speech deficiencies such as stuttering and muteness is soon to be coming to the market. The drug was first tested through a study ran by doctors and researchers. In the study, the subjects were split into two groups, one receiving the actual drug, and the other receiving a sugar pill. Each group was to take the pill for one month and report any and all changes to their speech. The treatment group reported that they no longer stuttered when they spoke, but did unfortunatelyRead MoreThe Effects Of Drugs1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Drugs have been abused for hundreds of years all over the world; their effects have been felt for just as long. Are drugs helpful in cases or are they an addiction? Should we be aware of what drugs our doctors are providing us with? Do drugs increase the chances of committing a crime or can they control ones behavior? As drugs can be e verywhere nowadays they should be taken more seriously as they can affect everything! Every year thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a new drug, is it because they want people to become addictedRead MorePsychological Effects Of Drugs And Drugs982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesaddictions in America are drug and alcohol abuse. A drug is a substance that has a psychological effect when induced or introduced to the body and is typically used for medication or in the process of preparing medication. Alcohol is a liquid containing the substance ethanol, as a beverage popularly used among adults. Reading these definitions sound so harmless, right? Truth is, while a small amount is harmless, an excessive use of both drugs and alcohol can result in extreme effects on both the mind andRead MoreDrug Drugs And Its Effects On Health865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprograms and drugs that promote a healthy way of living and there are also programs and drugs that are a jump-start way to lose weight. Some programs encourage a natural approach by food intake and calorie taking and some give prescription medication to help suppress an appetite and lose the fat quicker. Obesity is one of the biggest diseases in the United States and just like most diseases there are pharmaceutical drugs and advances made to assist in monitoring a nd controlling weight. One drug that hasRead MoreThe Effects Of Drug Overuse On Drugs1789 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesDrug overuse has raised considerable awareness for several decades and individual who have drug overuse problems usually have difficulty controlling their drug intake or even their normal life. Approaches like Harm minimisation has been used in policies, programmes and practices to deal with problems associated with drug overuse. The drug policy of Australia is based on harm minimisation and lots of Australians take at least one psychoactive drug on a regular basis, such as some kinds of medicationRead MoreThe Effects Of Drugs And Its Effects On Society1670 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMany people donÃ¢â¬â¢t consider the real effects of drugs when they are about to use it. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, there are various types of drugs or substances that are either on the legal or illegal side. Just because a substance is legal does not make it beneficial and vice versa. The main c ategories of drugs are stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens. The drug category that I would like to focus on is stimulants. The most heavily and frequently used stimulant, which is caffeine. Never does it crossRead MoreThe Effects Of Drugs And Its Effects On Society1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Now, there are lots of teenagers all over the world /use drug. And it /becomes a very normal thing in social. Why /the teenagers want to use drug? Drugs/ blur memory, causing blank spots. When a person tries to get information through this cloudy mess, he canÃ¢â¬â¢t do it. Drugs make a person feel slow or stupid and cause him to have failures in life. And as he has more failures and life gets harder, he wants more drugs to help him deal with the problem. There are two very important reasonsRead MoreDrug Use And Its Effects On Drugs And The Problems Associated With Drugs859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshistory of the drugs, how drugs are harvested or manufactured, which kind of experie nces they offer, their side effects and suggestions on how to deal with them. The authors maintain the approach of providing the facts about drugs while explaining the relevant terms. Each chapter deals with a specific drug category like stimulants or inhalants. Each section provides tips about drug use and a detailed list of further reading. The book also explores the political motivations that make some drugs illegal while
Friday, December 27, 2019
Autocratic and Participative Leadership Leadership styles have significant effects on organizations. For instance, it influences organizational culture and determines how leaders address conflict. Ultimately, it impacts organizational performance. Consequently, leaders must adapt their approach to achieve the desired outcome. Therefore, it is imperative leaders understand and can implement a variety of leadership styles. This essay will describe how an autocratic and participative leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s style impacts organizational culture, summarize the strengths and weaknesses of each style, and explain how each leader would successfully resolve conflict. Autocratic Leadership: Jeff Bezos Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon, has an autocratic leadership style. He has surrounded himself with lower level leaders that do not question his decisions or authority. Additionally, he is a micromanager that has implemented rigorous standards. Further, individual performance is continuously measured and employees ranked against each other. This has created a very competitive atmosphere. Notably, employees that meet his high demands are often called Ã¢â¬Å"Amabots.Ã¢â¬ Unfortunately, Bezos autocratic style has had profound effects on Amazons culture. Perhaps most importantly, Bezos has created a culture of metrics. Consequently, it has led to a competitive atmosphere, which has created an uncomfortable working environment for many employees. For example, some employees have sabotaged their cohortsShow MoreRelatedThe Autocratic And Participative Leadership Styles Impact Company Culture, And Conflict Resolution1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis paper explores the differences between how the autocratic and participative leadership styles impacts company culture, and conflict resolution. At the core of leadership, is how individuals in an organization are rewarded and punished (Nwibere, 2013). Two very successful autocratic leaders are Steve Jobs of Apple, and Jack Ma of the Chinese company Alibaba (Allen, 2011; Shao, 2014). James Parker, CEO of Southwest Airlines during the 9/11 attacks is cited as a great participatory leader (AdviceRead MoreAdvan tages Of Autocratic Leadership Style876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAutocratic is getting things done above anything, and relationships are not important. These type of managers have control over all decisions. The majority of the time autocratic leaders do not accept ideas or advice from others. Managers with autocratic leadership style are controlling and bossy. As a result, these managers treat employees as machines that are needed to get work done. Their interest and goals is above all things. Autocratic leaders provide employees with instructions and expectRead MoreLeadership Differences Between Leadership And Autocratic Leadership1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLeadership Comparison Two leadership styles on the opposite ends of the spectrum from one another are autocratic and participative. Both can be useful depending on the setting and what is required. Autocratic leaders make decisions without using team members, even if it would be useful (mindtools.com, n.d.). When a decision needs to be made very quickly, when there is not a need for additional input, or when a team agreement is not needed, this type of leadership can work (mindtools.com, n.d.)Read MoreParticipative Leadership : Strengths And Weaknesses Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesParticipative Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses The simple act of making decisions is an essential task leaders must perform effectively to succeed. Behavioral theories of leadership focus on how leaders approach a situation and whether they dictate orders or involve others to encourage support. Research into decision-making behavior has identified three broad categories of leaders: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. This paper will focus on these behavioral theories of leadership, primarilyRead MoreLeadership Sat Task 1 Essay1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLEADERSHIP - SAT TASK 1 A1. LEADERSHIP STYLE Leadership is the ability to organize a group of people in order to achieve a common goal. My leadership style is participative leadership and it is to share decision making with each member of my group. A Participative style of leadership encompasses consultative, consensus, and democratic. As a participative leader who is consultative, it is very important that I confer with members of the group before making final decisions on issues concerningRead MoreParticipative Leadership1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesParticipative Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses The simple act of making decisions is an essential task leaders must perform effectively to succeed. Behavioral theories of leadership focus on how leaders approach a situation and whether they dictate orders or involve others to encourage support. Research into decision-making behavior has identified three broad categories of leaders: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire (Changing Minds, 2011). This paper will focus on these behavioral theoriesRead MoreLeadership Styles And Purposes Leadership857 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPurposes Leadership Answer 1: Leadership clearly defines as the action of leading a group of people or an organization, or ability to lead. Here I discuss two styles of leadership that is: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Autocratic Leadership Ã¢â¬ ¢ Participative Leadership Below I discuss each style in details with example 1. Autocratic Leadership This style of leadership is described by controlling the individuals of the team over all choices and little contribution from the team leader in the association. This authority style has gottenRead MoreStrengths and Weaknesses of Leadership Styles1040 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStrengths and Weaknesses of Leadership Styles Introduction Leadership styles have a major impact on a business or military unit, organization or company achieving its objectives or not. Managers are often excellent at keeping the status quo and making sure existing work gets done, but leaders are critical for defining new goals and how to reach them (Turner, Dulewicz, 2009). The strengths and weaknesses of autocratic, consultative, free-reign and participative leadership are analyzed in this paperRead MoreLikert Found Participative Leadership On Teamwork, Communication And Overall Participation Of Achieving Objectives982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfound participative leadership to improve the teamwork, communication and overall participation of achieving objectives. The style engaged the whole organisation or the specific team, with the responsibility of achieving objectives being spread across. He concluded the style to be the best in terms of long-term benefits to organisations. Gary Yukl made similar findings in 1971. Yukl highlighted the different levels of participation and how behaviour affects the effectiveness of leadership. YuklÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreLeadership Styles Of The Workplace1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWork environments, at some point, are hectic, stressful, constantly changing and multifaceted. Leadership is the ability to influence others in order to attain goals (Lamberton Minor, 2014). Leaders in the workplace must take responsibility to ensure they do the right things. Leaders typically possess characteristics such as enthusiasm, dominance, emotional stability, self-assurance, and conscientiousness. They have a strong sense of ethics and work hard in order to build integrity in their workplace
Thursday, December 19, 2019
English Composition 1 My Grandmother My Grandmother goes by the name of babunya, and baba for short, this means grandma in Ukrainian. She lived in Ukraine for most of her life, and she is almost 90 years old now. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s been through a lot in her years, thus her appearance has changed. For every wrinkle she has thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a story to match. She has had every color hair: blonde, red, brown, and black. Now her hair is a short gray color. She keeps it short because it stays out of the way, even though she hates it short. She has always had long her until now. She has also progressively become shorter over the years due to a very bad back; she now stands just under five feet. Since she spends most of her days in the garden her usual outfitÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦She usually watches the news and educates herself on what is happening in the world around her. When we go to visit her the conversations usually got the same way everytime. My grandma usually starts off by saying something along the lines of Ã¢â¬Å"howÃ¢â¬â¢s school going for you? How are your grades? How is work going? Do you like your teachers?Ã¢â¬ This part of the conversation doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t last long If there is one thing my grandma is good at, itÃ¢â¬â¢s talking. She loves telling stories and talking about whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on in the world today. Babunya is a very sociable person and can hold a conversation with anyone. My baba was born in a time when the only way you could have food on your plate for dinner was if you hunted it yourself. She would explain to me that Ã¢â¬Å"living in a communist country was one of the worst things I have ever seen or been through. Not only was my country communist, we were going through a famine. There was no way to get food because the government starved us. If I wanted to eat that day I would have to kill a bird or whatever else was around that day.Ã¢â¬ My grandma is a very strong woman. She grew up with 3 brothers and 1 sister, who were all older. She always wanted to be like her siblings. Because her siblings were all older, my grandmother was a very fast learner. They taught her what they were during in school so by the time she got to that grade level she already knew the information. My grandmaShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Trifles By William Shakespeare849 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesoutsiders change throughout time, and in historical context are seen as icons, but in their respective time period were viewed as outcasts and more or less irresponsible. The organization of their presentation was detailed and well put together. Facebook profiles are very interesting ways to learn more about people, you can pretty much tell a lot about a person by the things the post and like on Facebook. This group did a good job with finding pictures to actually fit the characters from this movie. TheRead MoreWho Am I Presentation982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesplastered all over the news. But when Whites or another race commit a crime, it is kept quiet unless it is a high profile case. For example, when the young eight year old Jewish boy, Leiby Kletzky, from Brooklyn was found in the refrigerator of another Jewish man from their own community, the story was kept under wraps. Before the police discovered the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s body it was a high profile case, then all of a sudden when it was found out to be one of their own kind, the story was no longer in the newsRead MoreEngl227 Week 1 Scenario1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesleaves in the last two months, but my grandma isnt feeling well again, and she really needs me to take care of her. Ill be in later tonight for my shift. Can you let me know then? Thanks. You know from previous requests for time off that Jeffs grandmother is coping with a debilitating illness. Your other assistant manager, Nina Hernandez, has covered for Jeff three times in the last two months. She has been looking forward to having this weekend off, as she is going out of town to celebrate herRead MoreLittle Disgusted By It All And Glad1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslittle disgusted by it all and glad, at least, that she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t one of them. As she turned the corner, her house came into view -- the big, ornate Victorian perched on top of Hollow Hill like a cherry on an ice cream sunday. It was as old as her grandmother, built by her great grandfather who spent his entire life adding bits and pieces to it until it was a cacophony of mismatched scrolling architecture. Painted blue and cranberry and green it appeared propped there like an elaborate story book cutoutRead MoreMr. Johnson Who Is A Health Information Technician993 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshis job and works towards being better at it every day. He loves being around his family. He grew up in a traditional family with five siblings. At the age of eleven he went to live with his grandmother who helped raise him, and shape him into the successful person he is today .He was mandated by his grandmother to attend church every Sunday which has played a major role in his spiritual life to date. He graduated from high school at the age of seventeen and applied to several colleges. He decidedRead More OConnor Character Traits Essays1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOConnor Character Traits In Flannery OConnors short stories, A Good Man is Hard to Find, Revelation, and Greenleaf, the main character in each share similar traits. Though the grandmother, Mrs. Turpin, and Mrs. May differ from each other in many aspects, there are three notable traits that each clearly possesses. Each of these individuals is highly conscious of their own social status, is socially prejudiced, and is extremely racist. Each of the women is revealed as being highlyRead MoreGriffins Text831 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescan become conscious to the truths of their upbringing and not only find their true identity, but have the strength and courage to change their destiny. Griffin is ultimately interested in finding her own identity but has been oppressed by her grandmother to not search inwardly. She therefore uses Himmler as a mask by examining what experiences shaped him as a child to understand what may have molded her. Griffin concentrates on connections between people, childhood, and objects to Heinrich HimmlerÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreShort Story : Finally Sleeping, I See1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe sofa as she lay cradled with Liam and Ellie in her arms. Ã¢â¬Å"She needed a little help to calm down, but I took care of it,Ã¢â¬ Cera mentioned glancing up at her grandmother with a sinister look of mischief. Ã¢â¬Å"Cera, tell me you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t put a spell on an angel?Ã¢â¬ her grandmother chided her. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re trying to keep a low profile here.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Of course not,Ã¢â¬ Cera answered with a mirthful little laugh. Ã¢â¬Å"I drugged her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, you have to admit, she was getting a littleRead MoreFamily Health History Is A Powerful Tool For Screening Patients915 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave a written profile, that being said, welcome to PattiÃ¢â¬â¢s genetic world. Family Members and Health History Anna, maternal grandmother died in her early 80Ã¢â¬â¢s, past medical history of cardiovascular disease, adult onset diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. Abraham, maternal grandfather died in his 50Ã¢â¬â¢s from a work related accident, no known past medical history. Charles, paternal grandfather died at age 65 past medical history of asthma, and lung cancer. Agnes, paternal grandmother died at age 75Read MoreSkins : Contemporary Indigenous Writing836 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswas early on influenced by her grandmothers, Irene Akiwenzie and Anna Damm. She credits her grandmother Irene Akiwenzie, a descendant of the Kegedonce (Anishnaabe for an orator) tribe for inspiration through her work as Ã¢â¬Å"a wonderful storyteller, public speaker, and writerÃ¢â¬ who wrote for the newspapers Wiatron Echo and was a regular contributor to the Sun Times. She dedicated her first chapbook of poetry, published in April 1993, to this grandmother. Another grandmother, Anna Damm, was a crucial element
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Questions: 1.Describe approaches to computer security? 2.Recognize some of the basic models used to implement security in operating systems? 3.Describe the physical security components that can protect your computers and networks? 4.Describe steps that organizations can take to improve their security? Answers: 1. Approach to computer security can be grouped into three broad categories. These are security correctness, isolation and obscurity. Security by correctness involves considering security measures as earl as from the design stage of the development. For instance, an effort is made to make the program have as few as possible bugs. Example is Microsofts Secure Development Life Cycle which is used to reduce the number of bugs in code during the development phase. The second one, security by isolation involves division of the systems components into individual parts bringing the focus on each smaller element. This approach is applied in the principle of least privilege. The third approach is security by obscurity. This comes in handy when correctness fail to remove all the bugs, which is inevitable. This simply involves randomization of elements in the code to make it difficult of attackers to specify a specific component to attack. The method is employed in Microsoft Vista which randomi zes the elements on the Kernel memory (Dowland and Furnell, 2012). 2. Some of the security models used include Bell-LaPadula Model, Biba Model, ClarkWilson Integrity Model and the HarrisonRuzzoUllman Model. In the Bell-LaPadula Model, components are grouped into some levels of classification. The classified components are then authorized to ensure that only the components at higher level can access the ones below them (Walker, 1985). The model has a shortcoming since it allows components in a lower class to write to those at a higher class making it possible to corrupt them. The second one, the Biba Model, focus on integrity rather than confidentiality as it was with the Bell-LaPadula model. This method simply preserves integrity of objects instead of their confidentiality (Walker, 1985). Another model is the Harrison Ruzzo Ullman Model. This model is allow access to an object in absence of the owner object. 3. The physical components to protect computers and networks can be in form of laid down policies that control the physical actions of individual that are allowed access to the computers as well as physical aspects that protect the network and the computers. For instance, setting policies that will regulate the number and the people that have access to the network room and the computers will limit unauthorized persons to breach the computer security. Similarly, setting up a network control room where the servers are kept away from the public and only accessed allowed to say, the network administrator is as well a physical security implementation. Looking such places with padlocks, setting up alarm systems and using biometric access to open control rooms and computers can be taken as physical security. Other physical aspects of physical security may include hiring full time guards to look after computers and network rooms. Coupled with identity pass codes of the persons authorized to access the control rooms, the guards will be able to determine who is supposed to access the computers and network rooms and who is not. 4. Organizations can improve their security against attack putting in place measures to prevent these attacks before they occur or curb the attacks as they occur. The following steps can help to an organization improve their security. Set up physical control rooms for their networks and hire guards to protect their computers. Through doing this, the organization will make sure that the people who can access the control rooms are authorized and ensure their computers are protected. Organizations can also ensure their control rooms are protected and looked up when not in use. Setting up policies that control the usage of computers An organization should set up policies that define who can use the computers and what they can do with the computers. This way they will be able to prevent unauthorized people from using the computers as well as preventing authorized people from installing malware on their systems. Setting up network monitors and anti-malware software Using packet sniffers, organizations can be on the lookout of any network breaches just in time to prevent catastrophic loss of important data. Organizations can also use anti-malware on their computers to prevent possible attacks on their systems. References Dowland, P. and Furnell, S. (2012).Advances in communications, computing, networks and security. Plymouth [England]: Plymouth University, pp.220-230. Nces.ed.gov. (2017).Chapter 5-Protecting Your System: Physical Security, from Safeguarding Your Technology, NCES Publication 98-297 (National Center for Education Statistics). [online] Available at: https://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/safetech/chapter5.asp [Accessed 19 Jul. 2017]. Walker, S. (1985). Network Security Overview.1985 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Starbucks Corporate Strategy Corporate Strategy fundamentally is concerned with the selection of businesses in which the company should compete and with the development and coordination of that portfolio of business.  In the case of Starbucks the corporate strategy they have implemented is unique to their industry which has allowed them to differentiate from their competitors and is summarized best by Howard Schultz CEO of Starbucks, Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re in the people business serving coffee,Ã¢â¬ high quality specialty coffee and related products in a European cafe environment.It is clear Starbucks is in a growth strategy utilizing three key techniques that support its Mission, Ã¢â¬Å"to inspire and nurture the human spirit Ã¢â¬â one person, one cup and one neighbourhood at a timeÃ¢â¬ . Vertical Integration Tying in with StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ Mission, the companies vertical integration with its supply chain from roasting its own coffee in one of two of its plants to its i nvolvement with developing and fostering strategic partnerships with local coffee farmers may be the most important growth strategy the company focuses on. We will write a custom essay sample on Starbucks Corporate Strategy or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Quality and corporate social responsibility are the pillars of Starbucks; vertical integration is the key component to insuring both of these fundamental characteristics of Starbucks are managed. Diversification Starbucks has created related diversification into wholesale distribution by developing coffee based branded products with Pepsi-Cola and DreyerÃ¢â¬â¢s Inc. that can be sold in grocery stores. The company is also expanding into non-related industries by creating an entertainment division focusing on the music and movie industry.As Starbucks expands diversification will become as important as its vertical integration as it moves through the product lifecycle in the coffee industry. (See Appendix A) Horizontal Integration Starbucks has expanded with horizontal integration by acquiring SeattleÃ¢â¬â¢s Best Coffee and Torreazione Italia Coffee. With the increased competition and new entrants in the coffee industry horizontal integration may become a greater focus for Starbucks. Starbucks Business StrategyAt the business level, the strategic issues are less about the coordination of operating units and more about developing and sustaining a competitive advantage. In order to understand the Coffee IndustryÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive advantage the use of Porters five Competitive Forces Model should be utilized. (appendix b) Starbucks has gained its competitive advantage by the use of diversification. The company has focused, through vertical integration corporate strategy, on providing the highest quality coffee products in a sustainable practice that is highly identifiable by its customer base.The use of their innovative marketing design with their European Cafe feel and creative diversification with its products has allowed it to be classified as, Ã¢â¬Å"the most dynamic retail brand conceived over the last two decadesÃ¢â¬  Starbucks faces a high degree of rivalry and a medium degree of buyer power (appendix b). The coffee industry also retains many characteristics of having high Consumer Market Segmentation, which can be supported by the relatively large span in the price for a cup of coffee and the varying degree in which certain coffee cha ins are found in certain particular geographic regions and outlets.Starbucks has found a way to incorporate a broad strategy attracting a broad consumer despite the high prices of its products. This supports that their differentiation strategy is affective and it is clear consumers can identify the high quality of their products and the overall experience of visiting one of their locations. With a high threat of new entrants (appendix b) and the presence of high Consumer Market Segmentation, StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ strong differentiation strategy will allow it to remain competitive in light of this high threat.